The first ship carrying convicts arrived in Fremantle on 1 June 1850. By the time transportation of convicts ceased in 1868 just over 9,700 convicts had been transported to Western Australia. In 1886 with less than 50 convicts still imprisoned the British government passed control of the prison to the colonial government and became the colony primary place of incarceration.
Following a series of prisoner riots and growing concerns with prison condition, a royal commission in 1983 recommended the Prison’s closure. Fremantle was decommissioned on 8 November 1991.
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